The quest for Quark-Gluon Plasma

Edward Shuryak, Stony Brook University
Fri, 2018-10-12 13:30 - 14:30
The first half of the talk reviews historical evolution of the QCD description of hot matter and experiments with heavy ion collisions, since 2000 at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in BNL and, since 2010; at Large Hadron Collider at CERN. It has been found that QGP is a strongly coupled plasma, with rather unusual kinetic properties, especially close to the phase transition temperature $T_c$.The mean free path, deduced from its viscosity and jet quenching parameter $\hat q$, is much smaller than that given by perturbative estimates. The second half is theoretical: the unusual  kinetics can be explained by the observation that QGP is in fact a dual plasma, containing both``electric" quasiparticles, quarks and gluons, and magnetic monopoles. The role of monopoles is growing
Edward Shuryak became a full professor in 1982, the year in which he also gave the first series of lectures at CERN about quark-gluon plasma, a new form of matter the name of which he proposed. In 1989 he became the leader of the Nuclear Theory Group at the State University of New York, Stony Brook where in 2004 he became a distinguished professor. He is the author of approximately 350 papers which in total have been cited nearly 30,000 times; four of these papers have been cited more than 1,000 each, and six have been cited more than 500 times each. Shuryak is a 2004 recipient of the Dirac medal, from University of New South Wales, Sydney, and the 2005 Humboldt Prize. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society.